When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the very first factor which typically comes to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that is all shifting as a outcome of the groundbreaking perform of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by means of their company, Mico-lógica.
Primarily based in the village of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (more generally identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s principal ecotourism location), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to teach both Mexicans and website visitors to the region in the minimal-cost cultivation of a assortment of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) price of mushrooms and to perform ongoing analysis with regards to optimum climatic locations and the variety of substrata for mushroom culture.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in reality to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Of course, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my fascination in mushrooms seems like a long way to journey,” Mathieu defined in a current interview in Oaxaca. “But there really wasn’ mushroom growing kit of an possibility to carry out scientific studies and develop a enterprise in Western Europe,” he continues, “considering that reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but entirely eradicated by The Church over the training course of centuries and I realized that Mexico nonetheless maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary price of hongos. Mexico is far from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is more than a five hour travel from the closest metropolitan centre. Accordingly, Mathieu sooner or later recognized that being in Huautla, although holding an historic attract and getting in a geographic region conducive to working with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to increase a organization and cultivate widespread curiosity in studying about fungi. Mathieu grew to become cognizant of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom pageant), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu achieved Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom function. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared related passions Jiménez experienced analyzed agronomy, and for near to a 10 years experienced been functioning with sustainable agriculture initiatives in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina location of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez turned enterprise, and then lifestyle partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one particular-working day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we are also teaching a reasonable bit about the medicinal uses of mushrooms, so a lot more time is needed,” claims Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it’s predominantly [but not exclusively] a program on cultivation.”
Even though education seminars are now only provided in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to increase operations to include each the central valleys and coastal regions of Oaxaca. The object is to have a network of producers growing different mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based on the distinct microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and thus as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to distinct climatic regions is exceptional. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of different substrata, and that is what we’re experimenting with correct now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when grown on goods which would normally be squander, this kind of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (including the fibrous waste created in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed acknowledged as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural waste which may possibly in any other case be still left to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can kind substrata for mushroom cultivation. It need to be noted, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, environmentally friendly market. Over the past many a long time Mexico has in fact been at the fore in many places of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even better environmental excellent:
“They can hold up to 30 thousand occasions their mass, obtaining implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been utilised to clear up oil spills by means of absorption and thus are an crucial motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Investigation has been completed with mushrooms in the struggle towards carpenter ant destruction it is been suggested that the use of fungi has the potential to totally revamp the pesticide business in an environmentally friendly way. There are virtually hundreds of other eco-helpful apps for mushroom use, and in every situation the mushroom stays an edible by-item. Get a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Techniques Mushrooms Can Preserve The Entire world.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can often be discovered marketing their products on weekends in the natural and organic markets in Oaxaca. They are both far more than satisfied to talk about the nutritional benefit of their goods which selection from naturally their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with possibly chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be found in fruits or greens, and appropriately a diet plan which includes fungi is really important for vegetarians who cannot get B12, most usually contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the advantage that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones often located in industrially processed meat items.
Mico-lógica also offer teas and extracts made from diverse mushroom species, each formulated as possibly a dietary health supplement, or for their medicinal houses. Even though neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological therapy for severe ailments, Mathieu’s very own analysis details to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-historical past, to the current. He notes houses of mushrooms which can aid to restore the immune program, and as a result the use of fungi as a enhance in the remedy of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetes and managing substantial cholesterol.
“We ought to all be embracing the organic generation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It truly is so easy, it involves a small funds investment, and it offers significant benefits, equally for these ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal factors, and for the producers, even modest scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Yet most of the dried mushrooms bought in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural and organic. It’s a true shame on several amounts.”